Chagas' disease, caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi), is intractable showing a high mortality rate, and the development of effective vaccines is much desired. To examine the efficacy of a new mode of recombinant viral vaccine, we constructed two non-transmissible Sendai viruses (rSeV/dF) encoding the full-length parasite antigen amastigote surface protein-2 (ASP2) or ASP2 fused with a mono-ubiquitin on its N-terminus (UASP2). C57BL/6 mice immunized intranasally with rSeV/dF expressing either ASP2 or UASP2 showed significantly suppressed parasitemia and could be protected from lethal T. cruzi challenge. Depletion of CD8+ T cells around the time of infection with T. cruzi completely abolished this protection, confirming that acquired immunity against the infection of T. cruzi is dependent on CD8+ T cells. We also demonstrated that the protective immunity correlated with higher secretion of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) by spleen cells on in vitro-specific or non-specific stimulation. Increased CTL activity was also confirmed by degranulation or CTL assays. Interestingly, the control virus, rSeV/dF-GFP, induced even a higher IFN-γ production from spleen cells following non-specific but not specific stimulation in vitro, suggesting that SeV may also be a good adjuvant when used as a vaccine vehicle. Taking together, the current findings indicate that recombinant Sendai virus expressing the ASP2 or UASP2 antigens of T. cruzi are interesting candidates for the development of a new mode of recombinant viral vaccine against Chagas' disease.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases