Efficient and Fast Traffic Congestion Classification Based on Video Dynamics and Deep Residual Network

Mohamed A. Abdelwahab, Mohamed Abdel-Nasser, Rin ichiro Taniguchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)


Real-time implementation and robustness against illumination variation are two essential issues for traffic congestion classification systems, which are still challenging issues. This paper proposes an efficient automated system for traffic congestion classification based on compact image representation and deep residual networks. Specifically, the proposed system comprises three steps: video dynamics extraction, feature extraction, and classification. In the first step, we propose two approaches for modeling the dynamics of each video and produce a compact representation. In the first approach, we aggregate the optical flow in front direction, while in the second approach, we use a temporal pooling method to generate a dynamic image describing the input video. In the second step, we use a deep residual neural network to extract texture features from the compact representation of each video. In the third step, we build a classification model to discriminate between the classes of traffic congestion (low, medium, or high). We use the UCSD and NU1 traffic congestion datasets to assess the performance of the proposed method. The two datasets contain different illumination and shadow variations. The proposed method gives excellent results compared to state-of-the-art methods. It also can classify the input video in a short time (37 fps), and thus, we can use it with real-time applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFrontiers of Computer Vision - 26th International Workshop, IW-FCV 2020, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsWataru Ohyama, Soon Ki Jung
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9789811548178
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventInternational Workshop on Frontiers of Computer Vision, IW-FCV 2020 - Ibusuki, Japan
Duration: Feb 20 2020Feb 22 2020

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume1212 CCIS
ISSN (Print)1865-0929
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0937


ConferenceInternational Workshop on Frontiers of Computer Vision, IW-FCV 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • General Mathematics


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