Effects of sodium on electrical properties in Cu2ZnSnS 4 single crystal

Akira Nagaoka, Hideto Miyake, Tomoyasu Taniyama, Koichi Kakimoto, Yoshitaro Nose, Michael A. Scarpulla, Kenji Yoshino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)


We have studied the effect of sodium on the electrical properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) single crystal by using temperature dependence of Hall effect measurement. The sodium substitution on the cation site in CZTS is observed from the increasing of unit-cell size by powder X-ray diffraction. Sodium increases the effective hole concentration and makes the thermal activation energy smaller. The degree of compensation decreases with sodium incorporation, thus the hole mobility is enhanced. We revealed that sodium is important dopant in CZTS to control the electrical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152101
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - Apr 14 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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