Effects of operating parameters on gas transportation of radial lip seals

Shinya Nakaoka, Yuki Sato, Joichi Sugimura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This paper describes effects of shaft speed, sump temperature, sump level, and sump pressure on gas transportation of standard plane lip seals. The volume of helium pumped from the air side to the sump side of lip seals, and that leaked from the sump side to the air side were measured with gas chromatography. Lip seals pump helium and at the same time leak it in the opposite direction. The helium pump rate and leak rate increase with the shaft speed, suggesting that the gas moves through the gap between the lip and the shaft. Helium also moves across lip seals by permeation through the seal material. Therefore, lip seals have two paths for gas movement. Path-1 is the seal material in which helium moves by permeation. Path-2 is a gap between the seal lip and the shaft in which helium is transported by the dynamic effect. The helium pump rate and leak rate through the path-2 do not change with sump level, and increase with sump temperature. The helium pump rate decreases remarkably with sump pressure, and is lower than the helium leak rate at the sump pressure higher than 30 kPa.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)621-627
    Number of pages7
    JournalToraibarojisuto/Journal of Japanese Society of Tribologists
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Surfaces and Interfaces
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Materials Chemistry


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