Effects of luminance contrast, averaged luminance and spatial frequency on vection

Xuanru Guo, Shinji Nakamura, Yoshitaka Fujii, Takeharu Seno, Stephen Palmisano

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    Changing the speed, size and material properties of optic flow can significantly alter the experience of vection (i.e. visually induced illusions of self-motion). Until now, there has not been a systematic investigation of the effects of luminance contrast, averaged luminance and stimulus spatial frequency on vection. This study examined the vection induced by horizontally oriented gratings that continuously drifted downwards at either 20° or 60°/s. Each of the visual motion stimuli tested had one of: (a) six different levels of luminance contrast; (b) four different levels of averaged luminance; and (c) four different spatial frequencies. Our experiments showed that vection could be significantly altered by manipulating each of these visual properties. Vection strength increased with the grating’s luminance contrast (in Experiment 1), its averaged luminance (in Experiment 2), and its spatial frequency (in Experiment 3). Importantly, interactions between these three factors were also found for the vection induced in Experiment 4. While simulations showed that these vection results could have been caused by effects on stimulus motion energy, differences in perceived grating visibility, brightness or speed may have also contributed to our findings.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3507-3525
    Number of pages19
    JournalExperimental Brain Research
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • General Neuroscience


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