The effect of endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) for esophageal varices on portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) was investigated in 137 patients who underwent EIS from July 1987 to March 1990. Two groups, PHG(+) (N = 35) and PHG(−) (N = 102) were distinguished by endoscopic findings obtained before EIS. PHG was classified into four grades by endoscopy scored as 0, 1, 2, or 3. The PHG score significantly worsened after EIS (p < 0.01), and PHG became worse 6 to 9 months after the eradication of varices followed by gradual improvement. Recurrent small veins, which required additional EIS, appeared more frequently in the PHG(+) group (p < 0.05). New gastric varices appeared or gastric varices enlarged after EIS more frequently in the PHG(+) group (7 patients, 20.0%) than in the PHG(−) group (12 patients, 11.8%), but this was not statistically significant. Thus, frequent endoscopy after EIS is needed with special attention directed to development of PHG and gastric varices, especially for patients with PHG prior to treatment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging