Effects of dilution by aromatic hydrocarbons on staged ignition behavior of n-decane droplets

O. Moriue, C. Eigenbrod, H. J. Rath, J. Sato, K. Okai, M. Tsue, M. Kono

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Spontaneous ignition of isolated two-component fuel droplets has been experimentally studied. The components were n-decane (ND)/1-methylnaphthalene (MN), or ND/1,2,4-trimethylbenzene (TMB). Both are n-alkane/aromatic mixtures, and therefore are candidates for model fuels of multicomponent commercial fuels refined from crude petroleum. ND showed two-stage ignition behavior, while the other two fuels (aromatic hydrocarbons) did not and were less reactive. A suspended droplet was suddenly brought to a high temperature for ignition. Observation by a Michelson interferometer detected cool-flame appearance as well as hot-flame appearance. The ambient gas was air, and the droplet diameter was 0.7 mm. The experimental conditions that were varied were ambient temperature, Ta, (500-1000 K), ambient pressure, Pa, (0.1-2.0 MPa), and the initial mole fraction of ND in the liquid phase, Z (0-1). In the case Z ≠ 1, Pa was fixed to 0.3 MPa. Ignition delays for cool-flame and hot-flame appearance (t1 and ttot) and the difference between them (t2) were measured, and ignition types (no ignition, cool-flame only, singlestage ignition, and two-stage ignition) were classified on a "Z-Ta" map. It is common to ND/MN and ND/TMB that two-stage ignition region is narrowed and finally vanishes as Z decreases, and that t1, t2, and ttot all increase monotonically as Z decreases. However, TMB was affected more than MN because of its higher volatility. (Normal boiling point: ND 447.3 K, MN 517.9 K, TMB 442.5 K) Numerical simulation with a fully transient one-dimensional model was employed to help the interpretation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-975
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
Event30th International Symposium on Combustion - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Jul 25 2004Jul 30 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of dilution by aromatic hydrocarbons on staged ignition behavior of n-decane droplets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this