Effects of different stressors on the PSII photochemical efficiency and application to sporeling transportation in cultured young sporophytes of Undaria pinnatifida

Yoichi Sato, Daisuke Saito, Gregory N. Nishihara, Ryuta Terada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We determined the chronic effects of dehydration on the photochemical efficiency of a cultivated brown alga, Undaria pinnatifida (Alariaceae, Laminariales), in young sporophytes as cultivated sporelings. The effective quantum yields of photosystem II (ΔF/Fm′) at 50% humidity decreased markedly after 20 min of emersion and dropped almost zero after 60 min of emersion; the values did not restore even after subsequent 1-day immersion. The decreasing values coincided with a decrease in absolute water content of less than 40%. However, under 99% humidity up to 5-day emersion, the ΔF/Fm′ well remained and the last state exhibited a similar level to the initial value after a 48-h emersion at 20 °C and after 72 h of emersion at 10 °C, suggesting that the thalli were not truly dehydrated under saturated humidity and that photosynthetic activity was maintained for several days even without immersion in seawater. In addition, the subsequent growth of young sporophytes exposed to transportation storage stress featuring (1) immersed in seawater with aeration (ST1), (2) those without aeration (ST2), and (3) wrapped in paper towels moistened with seawater (ST3) revealed that the sporophytes exposed at lower temperature exhibited a higher subsequent growth than those at a higher temperature. The subsequent growth of ST3 was lower than ST1; however, the values of ST3 were higher than those of ST2 more than 12 °C, associating with poor seawater quality without aeration. These results indicated that the maintenance of moisture in the alga at low temperatures might be essential for the transportation of the sporelings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-563
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Phycology
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aquatic Science
  • Plant Science

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