Effects of Al2O3 and MgO on Softening, Melting, and Permeation Properties of CaO-FeO-SiO2 on a Coke Bed

Shigeru Ueda, Tatsuya Kon, Takahiro Miki, Sun Joong Kim, Hiroshi Nogami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


In ironmaking, maintaining gas permeability in blast furnace with low coke rate operation is essential to reduce carbon emissions. The high pressure loss in the cohesive zone decreases the gas permeability and affects the productivity of blast furnace. In order to increase the gas permeability in the cohesive zone, the thickness of the cohesive layer should be decreased. For this purpose, increasing softening temperature and decreasing dripping temperature of the iron ore are desired. In this study, softening, melting, and permeation of SiO2-FeO-CaO-Al2O3-MgO on a coke bed were investigated. The oxide sample in a tablet form was heated under CO/CO2 atmosphere, and the shape of the tablet was observed. The softening and melting temperatures of the SiO2-FeO-CaO system changed with the addition of Al2O3 and MgO. Oxide tablets with and without Al2O3 softened below and above the solidus temperature, respectively. The melting temperatures varied with the ratio of CO/CO2 in the gas. The permeation temperature was independent of the melting temperature, but dependent on the wettability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2371-2377
Number of pages7
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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