Effects of age on feasible sound level of possible warning sounds for quiet vehicles

Katsuya Yamauchi, Takayuki Shiizu, Fumio Tamura, Yuichiro Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


It has been noted that reduced noise can also lead to potentially dangerous situations for pedestrians because electric and hybrid vehicles are quieter than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles. Hence, the use of warning sounds which are radiated by the vehicle to alert pedestrians is being considered by various governments. To design the sound itself or to develop the regulation concerning the sound, it is much important to know the feasible sound level of the warning sounds compared to the background sounds. Pilot studies on this topic were performed by Yamauchi et al. in 2011 with young subjects. This present study was aimed to reveal the effect of age on feasible sound level of warning sounds. In the experiment, level of five possible warning sounds was adjusted in three different urban environmental sounds in a laboratory. Thirty subjects aged from 19 to 74 years old participated in the experiment. The subjects were asked to adjust the level of warning sounds so that they are clearly audible or just audible depends on the instruction. Results of the adjustments are presented and compared to current recommendations for sound levels of warning signals in quiet vehicles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number040095
JournalProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Jun 2 2013Jun 7 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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