Effect of tip clearance on stall evolution process in a low-speed axial compressor stage

Masahiro Inoue, Shinichi Yoshida, Kazutoyo Yamada, Motoo Kuroumaru, Takahiro Minami, Masato Furukawa

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


Effect of the tip clearance on the transient process of rotating stall evolution has been studied experimentally in a low-speed axial compressor stage with various stator-rotor gaps. In the previous authors' experiments for the small tip clearance, the stall evolution process of the rotor was sensitive to the gaps between the blade rows. For the large tip clearance, however, little difference is observed in the evolution processes independently of the blade row gap. In the first half process, it is characterized by gradual reduction of overall pressure-rise with flow rate decreasing, and the number of short length-scale disturbances is increasing with their amplitude increasing. In the latter half a long length-scale disturbance develops rapidly to result in deep stall. Just before the stall inception the spectral power density of the casing wall pressure reveals the existence of rotating disturbances with broadband high frequency near a quarter of the blade passing frequency. This is caused by the short length-scale disturbances occurring intermittently. A flow model is presented to explain mechanisms of the rotating short length-scale disturbance, which includes a tornado-like separation vortex and tip-leakage vortex breakdown. The model is supported by a result of a numerical unsteady flow simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Event2004 ASME Turbo Expo - Vienna, Austria
Duration: Jun 14 2004Jun 17 2004


Other2004 ASME Turbo Expo

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


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