Effect of through-plane distribution of polytetrafluoroethylene in carbon paper on in-plane gas permeability

Hiroshi Ito, Katsuya Abe, Masayoshi Ishida, Akihiro Nakano, Tetsuhiko Maeda, Tetsuo Munakata, Hironori Nakajima, Tatsumi Kitahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


In-plane permeability of gas diffusion backing (GDB) of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) was investigated experimentally. Toray-paper and SGL-paper were selected as GDB test samples. Several Toray-papers were treated in-house with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) using the immersion technique, dried either under atmospheric or vacuum pressure, and then sintered. The dependence of PTFE distribution in the through-plane direction on the PTFE drying conditions was examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM)-based energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) imaging. The EDS image maps revealed that the PTFE distribution strongly depended on the drying condition, and PTFE drying under vacuum pressure yielded a relatively uniform PTFE distribution. The measured in-plane permeability suggests that the homogeneous distribution of PTFE achieved by the vacuum drying produces a porosity-leveling effect. In addition, the relationship between the in-plane permeability and porosity of the Toray-paper samples followed the Kozeny-Carman relation, whereas due to non-fibrous solids such as binder, that of the SGL-paper samples did not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-830
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of through-plane distribution of polytetrafluoroethylene in carbon paper on in-plane gas permeability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this