Amide proton transfer (APT) contrast imaging is based on the chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) of protons between the amide groups and bulk water. Here, we demonstrate the effect of the saturation pulse duration on CEST in APT imaging with use of a clinical MR scanner. Four samples were prepared from chicken egg white diluted with H2O. Experiments were performed on a 3T clinical MR scanner with use of a body coil for two-channel parallel radiofrequency transmission. APT images were acquired at six frequency offsets (± 3.0, ± 3.5, ± 4.0 ppm) with respect to the water resonance as well as one far off-resonant frequency (−160 ppm) for signal normalization. The CEST effect was defined as asymmetry of the magnetization transfer ratio at 3.5 ppm. We measured the CEST effects in the egg white samples with different concentrations at seven saturation pulse durations. The influence of the extension of repetition time (TR) on the CEST effect was also evaluated. The CEST effect was not influenced by the change in TR. The CEST effect was increased significantly with the concentration when the duration was ≥1.0 s (P < 0.01). The CEST effect was highly correlated with the concentration at all saturation pulse durations, and its increase ratio was higher at longer saturation pulse durations. In conclusion, a long saturation pulse duration is useful for the sensitive detection of mobile proteins and peptides in APT imaging.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging