Objective: Bakumondo-to (Maimendong tang) is a Chinese herbal medicine that has been used as an anti-tussive agent. However, the effects of Bakumondo-to on airway hyperresponsiveness are unknown. We examine whether Bakumondo-to can inhibit airway hyperresponsiveness induced by ozone. Methodology: Measurements of airway responsiveness and plasma extravasation and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were performed before and after ozone exposure (3 p.p.m., 2 h). Guinea-pigs were anaesthetized with pentobarbital sodium and mechanically ventilated. Airway responsiveness was determined by an inhalation of doubling concentration of histamine, and the concentration of histamine required to produce a 200% increase in R(L) (PC200) was calculated by log-linear interpolation. Plasma extravasation was evaluated by measuring the extravasation of Evans blue dye in the airway. Results: Ozone produced significant airway hyperresponsiveness and plasma extravasation, with an influx of neutrophils in BAL fluid. Bakumondo-to (400 mg/kg p.o.) significantly inhibited airway hyperresponsiveness, but had no effect on neutrophil influx or plasma extravasation. Conclusions: We demonstrated that Bakumondo-to can attenuate airway hyperresponsiveness induced by ozone without affecting airway inflammation, which suggests that Bakumondo-to may act on the subsequent mechanisms after the induction of inflammation, such as mediator release.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine