Effect of slag melting behavior on metal-slag separation temperature in powdery iron, slag and carbon mixture

Ko Ichiro Ohno, Masashi Kaimoto, Takayuki Maeda, Koki Nishioka, Masakata Shimizu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)


    Utilization of self reducing pellet in blast furnace is one of the effective technologies to mitigate the CO2 emissions in the steel industry. However, there are not sufficient researches on how the pellet behaves around cohesive zone. Therefore, purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of slag melting behavior on metal-slag separation behavior. In order to simulate the behavior around cohesive zone, electrolytic iron powder, carbon powder, and synthetic slag were prepared as reduced iron, residual carbon and slag components, respectively. They were well mixed as given mass ratios decided from the composition of the self reducing pellet. Different kinds of slag compositions were adopted to change properties, such as melting temperature and viscosity. The mixtures were pressed into tablets and used as experimental samples. "In-situ" observations of metal-slag separation behavior in the mixtures during constant rate heating were done by a laser microscope combined with infra-red furnace and metal-slag separation temperatures were decided. Following results were obtained. The metal-slag separation behavior was dominated largely by agglomeration behavior of liquid phase of iron. The separation surely occurred when both phases of iron and slag change to liquid phases. At the same time, the separation could also occur even if a small amount of solid phases still remained in the mixture. In this experimental condition, the effect of slag melting temperature on the separation was larger than the effect of slag's viscosity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1279-1284
    Number of pages6
    Journalisij international
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2011

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Materials Chemistry


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