Effect of sintering conditions on structural and morphological properties of Y- and Co-doped BaZrO3 proton conductors

M. Khalid Hossain, Takayuki Yamamoto, Kenichi Hashizume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


BaZrO3-based materials doped with a trivalent cation have excellent chemical stability and relatively high proton conductivity which makes them potential proton conducting oxide materials for various electrochemical device applications such as hydrogen processing, high-temperature electrolysis, and solid electrolyte in fuel cells. However, BaZrO3 showed poor sinterability, requiring high sintering temperatures (1700–2100 °C) with longtime sintering (20–100 h) to achieve the desired microstructure and grain growth. This sintering problem can be solved by slightly doping BaZrO3 with a sintering aid element. Therefore, in this study, two different zirconate proton conductors: BaZr0·9Y0·1O3-α (BZY) and BaZr0·955Y0·03Co0·015O3-α (BZYC) were sintered in an air atmosphere and an oxygen atmosphere for 20 h in the temperature range of 1500–1640 °C. The sinterability was evaluated by analyzing the XRD diffraction patterns, lattice constant, lattice strain, crystallite size, relative density, open porosity, closed porosity, surface morphology, grain size, and grain boundary distribution, using the XRD, SEM, EDX, and Archimedes density measurement methods. It is concluded that in an oxygen atmosphere, sintering aid Co not only improves the relative density but also produces highly dense fine particles with clear grain boundaries which are promising for electrochemical hydrogen device applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27177-27187
Number of pages11
JournalCeramics International
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of sintering conditions on structural and morphological properties of Y- and Co-doped BaZrO3 proton conductors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this