The relationships among surface, bulk properties and lipid sorption behaviors of segmented polyurethanes (SPUs) with various polyol soft segments were investigated. The polyols used in this study were poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO), and poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS). The hard segment of these segmented polyurethanes was composed of 4, 4’-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and 1, 4-butanediol, present at 50wt%. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) and dynamic contact angle measurements were carried out in order to analyze the surface chemical structure in the air- and water-equilibrated states. XPS revealed that in the air-equilibrated state, lower surface free energy components were enriched at the air-solid interface, whereas in the water-equilibrated state, higher surface free energy components were enriched at the water-solid interface. The change in environment from air to water induced the surface reorganization in order to minimize interfacial free energy. Lipid sorption behaviors of SPUs were investigated by means of infrared spectroscopy. Even after extensive rinsing of the surface, the amount of lipid present on the SPU surface was more than that calculated on the assumption that a monolayer covers the SPU surface. Therefore, the lipid was not only adsorbed on the surface of SPU but absorbed into SPU. The SPU with hydrophilic PEO sorbed larger amount of phospholipid compared with that with hydrophobic polyol such as PTMO and PDMS. Also, the competitive sorption behaviors of phospholipid and cholesterol from their mixed liposome solution were studied. The ratio of sorbed cholesterol to phospholipid increased with an increase in surface hydrophobicity owing to the hydrophobic nature of cholesterol.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering