Effect of nitrogen on the microstructure and hardness of high-carbon high-speed steel type alloy

Ryutaro Hara, Masahiro Yamamoto, Gen Ito, Kazunori Kamimiyada, Ichihito Narita, Hirofumi Miyahara

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    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Influence of nitrogen addition as one of the alloying element on the formation of solidification structure and the improvement of hardness after thermal treatments was investigated for high-speed steel type alloys (Fe-1.7∼2.3%C-5%Cr-5%Mo-5%V). Nitrogen content was successively varied from 48 ppm to 1542 ppm by the mixing of Cr2N into the molten alloy. Analysis of diffraction pattern reveals the formation of M2CN carbonitride at N-containing specimen, whereas the eutectic MC carbides containing mainly V solidifies at N-free specimen. The macrohardness of the quenched specimens gradually increases with increasing quenching temperature. Nitrogen addition helps to improve the hardness as carbon does. Macrohardness of the quenched specimen depends on both the amount and hardness of martensite matrix. The specimen, which contains high volume fraction of retained austenite, shows the superior secondary hardening after the optimized twice tempering. Furthermore, the hardening of specimens is enhanced by nitrogen addition. The precipitation of nano-size carbonitride is observed around primary micro-size carbonitride, which indicated that M2CN carbonitride diffuses nitrogen, causes carbonitride precipitation, and finally develops macrohardness at N-containing specimen.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)169-175
    Number of pages7
    JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Materials Chemistry


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