Effect of mucosal brushing on the serum levels of C-reactive protein for patients hospitalized with acute symptoms

Naoko Nakahodo, Yoshiaki Nomura, Takumi Oshiro, Ryoko Otsuka, Erika Kakuta, Ayako Okada, Yuko Inai, Noriko Takei, Nobuhiro Hanada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study was based in a hospital setting. Patients with acute symptoms face a life-threatening crisis and often have systemic complications during the convalescence stage. During the acute stage, oral function does not work and oral hygiene status deteriorates. A gauze or sponge brush is generally used to wipe the oral cavity; however, this process does not clean the oral cavity enough. Effective oral care requires better methods. Patients participating in this study were all hospitalized by ambulance and with acute symptoms. During the convalescence stage, patients were assigned application of mucosal brushing or wiping by gauze or sponge brush by order of hospitalization. The effects were evaluated by the number of bacteria on the tongue surface, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and body temperature. Changes in bacterial count, body temperature, and CRP were effectively reduced in the mucosal brushing group compared to the wiping by gauze or sponge brush group. Based on mixed effect modeling, the coefficient of mucosal brushing for CRP was −2.296 and for body temperature was −0.067 and statistically significant. This simple method can effectively prevent systemic complication of inpatients with deteriorated oral conditions. This method may also be effective for the elderly in nursing homes or perioperative oral-care management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number549
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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