Induction thermal plasma was applied to prepare carbon coated silicon nanoparticles as the anode materials of a battery. The effect of methane injection methods was investigated. Silicon nanoparticles were fabricated as main products and showed spherical morphologies with an average diameter of around 50 nm. The unfavorable formation of SiC, which is a byproduct and limits the practical capacity of batteries, could be identified when the methane injection position is near to plasma torch. An amorphous hydrogenated carbon coating was synthesized instead of pure carbon materials. The methane injection position could determine the decomposition temperature of methane as well as the concentration of released H atoms. The properties of prepared carbon coatings, including the sp2 ratio and H content, were tunable with injection positions through the etching effect of hydrogen atoms. These results are significant for the synthesis of silicon nanoparticles with carbon coating and the design of lithium-ion batteries with higher energy density.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering