The local anesthetics, tetracaine, procaine and lidocaine, interacted with a negatively charged lipid membrane composed of dioleyl phosphate (DOPH), which exhibited a self-sustained oscillation of the membrane potential. The anesthetics depolarized the membrane potential when present in increasing concentrations, whereas they increased the membrane resistance at low concentrations and decreased it at high concentrations. The above results were analyzed on the basis of electrochemical theory taking into account ion flux across the membrane. The electrical characteristics are affected by both the hydrophobicity and the diffusion constant of local anesthetics within the membrane.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry