In the present study we investigated the effect of a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin (IL)-10, on the development of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice. Each DBA1/J mouse was immunized with 200 μg of native collagen and followed by booster injections at 3 weeks. rmIL-10 was injected i.p. daily at a dose of 100 ng/mouse. Mice were divided into four groups according to the administration period of rmIL-10. As a result, a 48-day course of IL-10 treatment significantly suppressed the severity of arthritis. Among the 4 groups, the most pronounced suppression was observed in the group in which IL-10 was given from day 0 to 21. On the other hand, there were no significant differences in the serum IgG anti-type II collagen (CII) titers between the four groups. Moreover, the production of cytokines (IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)) and other mediators (prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO)) by peritoneal macrophages seemed to show no clear correlation with the severity of arthritis in mice. These results raise the possibility that IL-10 might be a useful agent for suppressing the progression and the development of CIA in mice.
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