The dependences of critical current density-magnetic field (Jc-H) curves for YBa2Cu3O7-δ (Y123) single crystals on heat treatment processes were studied. The single crystals were annealed by a two-step heat treatment process, during which the crystals were annealed at 873 K for 100 h, followed by annealing at 773 K for 200 h in a pure oxygen gas flow. Furthermore, the single crystals were annealed using three different untwinning processes with uniaxial stress such as a detwinning process and a twin-free process. The Jc-H curves and their peak effects with the H ∥ c-axis displayed a large dependence on the heat treatment processes. Furthermore, the microstructures in these single crystals were observed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The anti-phase boundaries, which depended on the heat treatment processes, were observed in the crystals. These results suggested that the anti-phase boundaries are responsible for the peak effects, which is attributed to the distribution of the pinning centers of oxygen deficient phases in the crystals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)