Effect of grain size on the yield stress of cold worked iron

Yuki Tanaka, Setsuo Takaki, Toshihiro Tsuchiyama, Ryuji Uemori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Effect of ferrite grain size on dislocation strengthening was investigated in low carbon steels (0.006%C-0.15%C) with various grain sizes from 1 to 100 m. In specimens with slight deformation, dislocation density increases in proportion to the inverse of ferrite grain size. In the dislocation density range below 2×1014/m2, dislocation density increases linearly against deformation strain but it tends to level off due to the dynamic recovery of dislocations when dislocation density has exceeded it. On the other hand, tensile tests revealed that yield stress follows the Hall-Petch relation for as-annealed specimens but follows the Bailey-Hirsch relation for cold rolled specimens. This means that flow stress depends on only the dislocation density regardless of grain size. As a result, it was concluded that the introduction of dislocations has been promoted with decreasing ferrite grain size and this results in the increase of flow stress in the uniform deformation region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1927-1933
Number of pages7
Journalisij international
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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