Effect of ENU (ethylnitrosourea) mutagenesis in cleft lip and/or palate pathogenesis in mice

T. Yamada, K. Fujiwara, K. Mishima, T. Sugahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) are caused by many factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of genetic point mutations in CL/P pathogenesis. ICR and AJ strain mice were used. Ethylnitrosourea (ENU) was injected into 10-week-old male mice (G0) intraperitoneally at a dose of 250 mg/kg. The males were bred with two untreated virgin females of the same strain on day 100 after injection. The uterine contents (G1) of one female were examined on day 18.5 of pregnancy. From the other female, the offspring were delivered naturally, and F3 mice (G3) were also examined in the same way. In ICR strain mice, cleft palate only (CPO) was increased in both the G1 and G3. The frequency was significantly higher in the G3 than the G1 generation. Cleft lip was not observed. In AJ strain mice, CL/P increased in both the G1 and G3. In the G3, the frequency of CPO was increased significantly. Genes related to CPO may be recessive in phenotype. CPO and cleft lip differ from a genetic viewpoint. Point mutations play a significant role in cleft lip and palate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-77
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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