In the present work δ-vanadyl phosphate (VOPO4) was synthesized in the presence of different solvents like water, ethanol, diethyl ketone and 2-propanol. Role of these solvents on the Li-intercalation behaviour of synthesized δ-VOPO4 has been studied. The solvents affected significantly the size of the crystallites and the level of impurities in the synthesized material. δ-VOPO4 synthesized using water as solvent, possessed a significant Li-intercalation capacity ca., 124 mAh.g−1 at 3.7 V corresponding to 75% of its theoretical capacity. Among the organic solvents used, sample prepared using ethanol exhibited the highest Li intercalation capacity. Small amount of β-phase was observed in the synthesized δ-VOPO4 (with phosphate/vanadium ratio of 2) using ethanol and Li-intercalation capacity of this phase was about 137 mAh.g1, corresponding to 85% of the theoretical capacity. The capacity was found to be almost stable at 110 mAh.g−1 over 100 cycles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites