Oriented high-density polyethylene (HDPE) specimens were prepared by drawing the HDPE film up to the draw ratio of 5.3 at 353 K corresponding to the crystalline relaxation temperature. Nonlinear viscoelasticity and higher-order structural change of the oriented HDPE during the fatigue process were investigated at various ambient temperatures. Nonlinear viscoelasticity of the oriented HDPE was estimated on the basis of nonlinear viscoelastic parameter (NVP). The magnitude of NVP at the α1-crystalline relaxation (intermosaic block crystalline relaxation) temperature region was lower than that at room temperature, since deformation in the intermosaic block region preferentially occurred in addition to that in the amorphous region. However, the fatigue strength at the α1-crystalline relaxation temperature was lower than that at the other ambient temperatures, because deformation in the intermosaic block region was very sensitive to strain or stress concentration. Since both lamellar crystalline and amorphous regions were deformed at the α2-crystalline relaxation temperature region, the magnitude of NVP became lower than that at the α1-crystalline relaxation temperature. Also, the fatigue strength at the α2-crystalline relaxation temperature was greater than that at the α1-crystalline relaxation temperature due to a more homogeneous deformation of the specimen.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry