Effect of arm cranking exercise on skin blood flow of lower limb in people with injuries to the spinal cord

Satoshi Muraki, Masahiro Yamasaki, Kojiro Ishii, Kunio Kikuchi, Kunihiro Seki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to examine whether arm cranking exercise induces changes in skin blood flow in the paralyzed lower limbs of people with injuries to the spinal cord (PISC). Ten PISC with lesions located between Th5 and L5 and six control subjects performed arm cranking exercise for 6 min at three intensities, 10, 30 and 50 W, at a room temperature of 25°C. Oxygen uptake (Vo2) and heart rate (HR) were measured for the last 2 min of each exercise period. The skin blood flow at the anterior thigh (BFsk,t) was continuously monitored using laser Doppler flowmetry for the whole 6-min period and for the first 10 min of recovery following exercise. During exercise, the PISC showed lower Vo2 and greater HR than the control subjects. No increase in BFsk,t was found in six of the PISC with lesions at or above Th12, irrespective of the exercise intensity. On the other hand, in PISC with lesions at L1 or below, BFsk,t increased significantly (P < 0.05) with an increase in Vo2 and HR, although the BFsk,t at a given Vo2 and HR was lower than that in the control subjects. These results would suggest that arm exercise can promote the blood circulation in the skin of the lower limbs if the injury level is below L1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-32
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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