Domain wall fermion and CP symmetry breaking

Kazuo Fujikawa, Hiroshi Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We examine the CP properties of chiral gauge theory defined by a formulation of the domain wall fermion, where the light field variables q and q̄ together with Pauli-Villars fields Q and Q̄ are utilized. It is shown that this domain wall representation in the infinite flavor limit N=∝ is valid only in the topologically trivial sector, and that the conflict among lattice chiral symmetry, strict locality and CP symmetry still persists for finite lattice spacing a. The CP transformation generally sends one representation of lattice chiral gauge theory into another representation of lattice chiral gauge theory, resulting in the inevitable change of propagators. A modified form of lattice CP transformation motivated by the domain wall fermion, which keeps the chiral action in terms of the Ginsparg-Wilson fermion invariant, is analyzed in detail; this provides an alternative way to understand the breaking of CP symmetry at least in the topologically trivial sector. We note that the conflict with CP symmetry could be regarded as a topological obstruction. We also discuss the issues related to the definition of Majorana fermions in connection with the supersymmetric Wess-Zumino model on the lattice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034506
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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