Distributed cooperative control of wind farms with on-site battery energy storage systems

Dinh Hoa Nguyen, Javad Khazaei, Susan W. Stewart, Jennifer Annoni

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    This chapter studies the output power regulation in wind farms consisting of doubly-fed induction generator wind turbines, one of the most popular generator configurations in modern multi-MW wind industry, equipped with on-site battery energy storage systems. Traditionally, wind farms were operated as standalone units or were equipped with a central, large-scale, energy storage system. In fact, most of the existing control designs for hybrid wind-storage applications are centralized, where the central unit collects the measured data from all wind turbines and storage systems (if they exist) and compares with the load demand to generate the reference power for each wind turbine controller. Those centralized setups or control structures do not fully exploit the flexibility and locality of the on-site energy storage systems in a wind farm. Moreover, the storage functionality is lost if the central storage system is broken down, while in a distributed architecture, a failure only affects individual on-site storage systems and the others will still operate. Therefore, on-site storage systems and distributed control designs need to be developed for wind farms to provide regulation services for the grid. An approach to tackle that challenge will be presented in this chapter.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPower Systems
    PublisherSpringer Verlag
    Number of pages26
    Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Publication series

    NamePower Systems
    ISSN (Print)1612-1287
    ISSN (Electronic)1860-4676

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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