We have compared the pharmacodynamic properties of calcineurin inhibitors tacrolimus and cyclosporin A in rats to clarify the different therapeutic drug monitoring strategy of both drugs in a clinical situation. In various tissue extracts, the inhibition of calcineurin activity by cyclosporin A was significantly greater than that by tacrolimus at the same drug concentration (1 μM) in the thymus, heart, liver, spleen, kidney, and testis (p < 0.05). The time profiles of blood concentrations and calcineurin activity in whole blood were examined after single or repeated administration of each drug in rats. A substantial time delay in the inhibition was observed following the single administration of tacrolimus or cyclosporin A, resulting in an anticlockwise hysteresis in the relationship between blood concentrations and calcineurin inhibition in whole blood. In contrast, such a hysteresis loop diminished after the repeated administration of each drug, and the recovery rate of calcineurin activity was greater for the inhibition induced by cyclosporin A than by tacrolimus. Furthermore, tacrolimus produced a comparable inhibition of calcineurin activity in whole blood at lower blood concentrations than cyclosporin A. Overall, the effect compartment model well described the time profiles of calcineurin activity in whole blood after the single and repeated administrations of each drug. These findings suggest that the properties of calcineurin inhibition differ between tacrolimus and cyclosporin A. Distinct pharmacodynamics may partly contribute to the therapeutic drug monitoring strategy in transplant patients receiving calcineurin inhibitors.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine