Disk Structure around the Class i Protostar L1489 IRS Revealed by ALMA: A Warped-disk System

Jinshi Sai, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Kazuya Saigo, Tomoaki Matsumoto, Yusuke Aso, Shigehisa Takakuwa, Yuri Aikawa, Ippei Kurose, Hsi Wei Yen, Kohji Tomisaka, Kengo Tomida, Masahiro N. MacHida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


We have observed the Class I protostar L1489 IRS with the Atacama Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Band 6. The C18O J = 2-1 line emission shows flattened and non-axisymmetric structures in the same direction as its velocity gradient due to rotation. We discovered that the C18O emission shows dips at a radius of ∼200-300 au while the 1.3 mm continuum emission extends smoothly up to r ∼ 400 au. At the radius of the C18O dips, the rotational axis of the outer portion appears to be tilted by ∼15° from that of the inner component. Both the inner and outer components with respect to the C18O dips exhibit the r -0.5 Keplerian rotation profiles until r ∼ 600 au. These results not only indicate that a Keplerian disk extends up to ∼600 au but also that the disk is warped. We constructed a three-dimensional warped-disk model rotating at the Keplerian velocity, and demonstrated that the warped-disk model reproduces main observed features in the velocity channel maps and the PV diagrams. Such a warped-disk system can form by mass accretion from a misaligned envelope. We also discuss a possible disk evolution scenario based on comparisons of disk radii and masses between Class I and Class II sources.

Original languageEnglish
Article number51
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 10 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Disk Structure around the Class i Protostar L1489 IRS Revealed by ALMA: A Warped-disk System'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this