Previously we designed the partially double-stranded (PDS) probes that have protruding single-stranded portion for a single-base mismatch analysis. The single-stranded portion is engineered to sense existences of mismatches in the counterparts and to transduce it in strand exchange rates. Here we report the influence of probe length and operating conditions, such as temperature and buffer conditions, on the mismatch resolution using the PDS probes. Reliable detection of single-base mismatches was achieved even with a 45mer-long probe. By lowering operating temperature, the higher and faster discrimination of the mismatches was demonstrated. Addition of cationic comb-type copolymers (CCCs) in the buffer increased the reaction rate 3-4 orders without disordering the resolving power.
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