Discharge performance of solid-state oxygen shuttle metal-air battery using Ca-stabilized ZrO2 electrolyte

Atsushi Inoishi, Hack Ho Kim, Takaaki Sakai, Young Wan Ju, Shintaro Ida, Tatsumi Ishihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of metal choice on the electrochemical performance of oxygen-shuttle metal-air batteries with Ca-stabilized ZrO2 (CSZ) as the electrolyte and various metals as the anodes were studied at 1073 K. The equilibrium oxygen partial pressure (PO2) in the anode chamber was governed by the metal used in the anode chamber. A lower-PO2 environment in the anode decreased the polarization resistance of the anode. The oxidation of oxide ions to oxygen in the anode is drastically enhanced by the n-type conduction generated in the CSZ electrolyte when it is exposed to a reducing atmosphere. A high discharge potential and high capacity can be achieved in an oxygen-shuttle battery with a Li or Mg anode because of the fast anode reaction compared to that of cells with a Zn, Fe, or Sn anode. However, only the mildly reducing metals (Zn, Si, Fe, and Sn) can potentially be used in rechargeable metal-air batteries because the transport number of the CSZ electrolyte must be unity during charge and discharge. Oxygen shuttle rechargeable batteries with Fe, and Sn electrodes are demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1264-1269
Number of pages6
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 13 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Energy


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