The γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) enzyme plays a central role in glutathione homeostasis. Direct detection of GGT activity could provide critical information for the diagnosis of several pathologies. We propose a new molecular probe, γ-Glu-[1-13C]Gly, for monitoring GGT activity in vivo by hyperpolarized (HP)13C magnetic resonance (MR). The properties of γ-Glu-[1-13C]Gly are suitable for in vivo HP13C metabolic analysis since the chemical shift between γ-Glu-[1-13C]Gly and its metabolic product, [1-13C]Gly, is large (4.3 ppm) and the T1of both compounds is relatively long (30 s and 45 s, respectively, in H2O at 9.4 T). We also demonstrate that γ-Glu-[1-13C]Gly is highly sensitive to in vivo modulation of GGT activity induced by the inhibitor acivicin.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes