Introduction: The dialyzer apparatus has been widely used as an artificial kidney in medical treatment. However, side effects such as amyloidosis have occurred during long-term treatment. Therefore, we focused on developing a hybrid artificial kidney with a filtration and reabsorption apparatus, but it was found that cells spread extensively and it is difficult to maintain a uniform monolayer with a regular cell shape on a collagen-coated substrate. The purpose of this study was to improve cell adhesion, uniform stable monolayer formation and active transport function by immobilization of arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) on the culture substratum. Materials and Methods: Polycarbonate semipermeable membranes were coated with collagen, fibronectin, laminin and synthetic polypeptide, including RGD (Pronectin F). Cell adhesion and digoxin transport were estimated using a renal proximal tubule cell line that overexpressed the P-glycoprotein gene. Results and Discussion: Under initial and confluent conditions, immobilized cell density in Pronectin F-coated wells was higher than that under other conditions. Transepithelial electrical resistance and digoxin transport activity on Pronectin F-coated membranes were the highest of all conditions. This might have been caused by uniform cell morphology and high cell density.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biomedical Engineering