Strong stratification has formed in Lake Abashiri, a typical meromictic lake in Hokkaido, in the subarctic zone in Japan. When the anoxic water of the lower layer is upwelled to the surface by a strong wind, fish and corbicula clams die due to a lack of dissolved oxygen. This event is called as blue tide. It was observed that the dissolved methane in the lake decreased more than 100 t after the blue tide which occurred in 2008. This is the discovery of the phenomenon that a large quantity of methane diffuses to the atmosphere caused by upwelling of anoxic water which contains dissolved methane. We named the event as “methane burst”. It is also the first report that the wind-driven upwelling is reproduced using a numerical analysis code and the methane burst is analyzed. During this blue tide, the methane flux was approximately 170 times greater than usual.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science