Purpose: To evaluate the utility of T2-enhanced spin-echo imaging using the time-reversed gradient echo sequence (T2FFE imaging) in the hepatobiliary phase (HBP) of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI (Gd-EOB-MRI) for differentiating hemangiomas from metastatic tumors. Methods: A total of 61 patients with 133 liver lesions, including 37 hemangiomas and 96 metastatic tumors, were scanned by Gd-EOB-MRI. Four data sets were independently analyzed by two readers: (1) 3D fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging (FS-T2WI) alone; (2) the combination of 3D FS-T2WI and T2FFE imaging in the HBP of Gd-EOB-MRI; (3) the combination of 3D FS-T2WI, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with the b-value of 1000 s/mm2 and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC); and (4) a dynamic study of Gd-EOB-MRI. After classifying the lesion sizes as ≤ 10 mm or > 10 mm, we conducted a receiver-operating characteristic analysis to compare diagnostic accuracies among the four data sets for differentiating hemangiomas from metastatic tumors. Results: The areas under the curves (AUCs) of the four data sets of two readers were: (1) ≤ 10 mm (0.85 and 0.91) and > 10 mm (0.88 and 0.97), (2) ≤ 10 mm (0.94 and 0.94) and > 10 mm (0.96 and 0.95), (3) ≤ 10 mm (0.90 and 0.87) and > 10 mm (0.89 and 0.95), and (4) ≤ 10 mm (0.62 and 0.67) and > 10 mm (0.76 and 0.71), respectively. Data sets (2) and (3) showed no significant differences in AUCs, but both showed significantly higher AUCs compared to that of (4) regardless of the lesion size (P <0.05). Conclusion: The combination of 3D FS-T2WI and T2FFE imaging in the HBP of Gd-EOB-MRI achieved an accuracy equivalent to that of the combination of 3D FS-T2WI, DWI, and ADC and might be helpful in differentiating hemangiomas from metastatic tumors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging