Differential absorption lidar at 1.67 μm for remote sensing of methane leakage

Kouki Ikuta, Noboru Yoshikane, Nilesh Vasa, Yuji Oki, Mitsuo Maeda, Michihiro Uchiumi, Youichirou Tsumura, Jun Nakagawa, Noriyuki Kawada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


A differential absorption lidar (DIAL) for field monitoring of methane (CH4) leakage at a wavelength of 1.67 μm was developed. Compared with traditional DIAL systems for environmental monitoring, this system has a higher distance resolution (∼15m) for determining the leak position and a shorter detection range up to 500m. First, considering appropriate design parameters, a theoretical simulation was performed to evaluate the sensitivity and the detectable range of the system. Based on the analytical simulation, a prototype DIAL system was constructed and the detection of CH4 which had leaked into the atmosphere was demonstrated. The CH4 leakage of 6000 ppm·m at a distance of 130 m was successfully detected. The detection limit was 1000 ppm·m. With the improvements in the light source and the detector system, the detectable boundary can be increased in the range from 90 to 540m for a concentration of 1500 ppm·m.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-114
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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