We have previously demonstrated that the addition of muramyl dipeptide (MDP), interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-4 effectively raises antibody production from L-Leucyl-L-leucine methyl ester (LLME)-treated human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) against specific soluble antigen when immunized in vitro. However, PBLs from individual donors were separate optimal conditions regarding concentrations for IL-2 and IL-4, which in turn required us to optimize each individual PBLs to effecfively produce antigen specific human antibody by in vitro immunization. These individual differences in the requirement for IL-2 and IL-4 reflects the differences in individual immune responses against a specific soluble antigen, which can be elicited by in vitro immunization. In the present study, we investigated these individual differences in the requirement for IL-2 and IL-4 to induce antibody production in vitro in the PBLs of 12 volunteers (9 healthy donors and 3 allergenic patients). IL-2 requirements for antibody production varied dependent upon each donor, while higher amounts of IL-4 inhibited IgM and IgG production in all of the healthy donors. However, some of the characteristic features for PBLs donated from allergenic included lowered IgM production compared to PBLs derived from healthy donors, and very high IgE production in the absence of cytokines and allergen. These results demonstrate that the sensitivity of PBLs against antigen sensitization differs between healthy donors and atopic patients, which suggests that the frequency of antigen sensitization might be reflected in differing activation states and/or differing subpopulations of lymphocytes in vivo.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology