This paper is devoted to energy-spectral analysis for the system of a two-level atom coupled with photons in a cavity. It is shown that the Dicke-type energy level crossings take place when the atom-cavity interaction of the system undergoes changes between the weak-coupling regime and the strong one. Using the phenomenon of the crossings, we develop the idea of cavity-induced atom cooling proposed by Horak, and we lay mathematical foundations of a possible mechanism for another superradiant cooling in addition to that proposed by Domokos and Ritsch. The process of our superradiant cooling can function well by cavity decay and by control of the position of the atom, at least in (mathematical) theory, even if there is neither atomic absorption nor atomic emission of photons.
|Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
|Published - Apr 1 2009
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics