Diabetic foot is caused by microangiopathy and is suggested to be a result of impaired angiogenesis. Using a severe hindlimb ischemia model of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice (STZ-DM), we show that diabetic foot is a disease solely of the disturbance of platelet-derived growth factor B-chain homodimer (PDGF-BB) expression but not responses of angiogenic factors. STZ-DM mice frequently lost their hindlimbs after induced ischemia, whereas non-DM mice did not. Screening of angiogenesis-related factors revealed that only the expression of PDGF-BB was impaired in the STZ-DM mice on baseline, as well as over a time course after limb ischemia. Supplementation of the PDGF-B gene resulted in the prevention of autoamputation, and, furthermore, a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor restored the PDGF-BB expression and also resulted in complete rescue of the limbs of the STZ-DM mice. Inhibition of overproduction of advanced-glycation end product resulted in dephosphorylation of PKC-α and restored expression of PDGF-BB irrespective of blood sugar and HbA1c, indicating that advanced-glycation end product is an essential regulator for PKC/PDGF-BB in diabetic state. These findings are clear evidence indicating that diabetic vascular complications are caused by impairment of the PKC/PDGF-B axis, but not by the impaired expression of angiogenic factors, and possibly imply the molecular target of diabetic foot.
|Number of pages
|Published - Jan 2006
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine