Development of surface-wave monitoring system for leaked CO2 using a continuous and controlled seismic source

Tatsunori Ikeda, Takeshi Tsuji, Toshiki Watanabe, Koshun Yamaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


To detect CO2 leakage from CO2 geological storage, we describe a seismic monitoring method using a continuous and controlled seismic source system, the Accurately Controlled Routinely Operated Signal System (ACROSS). The method applies surface-wave analysis to monitor the shallow subsurface from the temporal-variation (time-variation) of surface-wave phase velocity. Our numerical simulation study for CO2 leakage through fault zones indicated that the spatial distribution of leaked CO2 can be estimated from small temporal-variation of local phase velocities (~1-3%). To demonstrate the method in a field case, we analyzed continuous seismic records acquired with ACROSS. We clearly extracted a dispersion curve of surface waves in the frequency range excited by the ACROSS (5.015-15.015 Hz). In particular, we obtained reliable estimates of phase velocities in 10-15Hz frequency range, in which the time-variation of phase velocities was better than 1% accuracy. This temporal stability was sufficient to allow us to detect changes in phase velocities associated with CO2 leakage before leaked CO2 reached the surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-105
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pollution
  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of surface-wave monitoring system for leaked CO2 using a continuous and controlled seismic source'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this