A 60-year-old male with liver cirrhosis (ChildPugh class B) underwent laparotomic radio frequency ablation for the treatment of a solitary hepatocellular carcinoma (-4.5 cm in diameter). Severe lactic acidosis (base excess<-12 mEq · l-1, lactate>150 mg · dl-1) developed during the intraoperative period, when neither his hemodynamics nor arterial oxygenation was significantly impaired. The blood loss was small (-200 g), and the serum hemoglobin level was maintained -10 g · dl-1 during the procedure. There was no evidence for impairment of either peripheral perfusion or renal function. In addition, there was no evidence for development of either splanchnic ischemia or diabetic ketoacidosis. Thus, the acidosis appeared to be caused by significant impairment of liver function possibly resulting from the ablation (total ablation time=-60 min). The core temperature increased rapidly (-1.5°C/60 hr) immediately after the ablation was started, suggesting that a large amount of heat was produced in the ablated area and/or that the vicinity of the ablated area was richly supplied by blood flow. As a result, intact liver cells in the vicinity of the tumor probably suffered from thermal injuries. In conclusion, depending on preoperative liver function, ablated area, and/or blood flow in the vicinity of ablated area, the ablation may become significantly invasive.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine