A primary role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the multidrug resistance type I gene, is to protect against naturally occurring xenotoxics. Recently, the preferential expression of chicken multidrug resistance type I (Cmdr1) was identified in the embryonic gonads during the early periods of development. Here we investigated the expression of Cmdr1 and P-gp in the gonads during embryogenesis, and compared to that in the ovarian follicles of domestic hens (Gallus gallus). As revealed by immunohistochemistry, P-gp was highly expressed in theca cells of mature follicles, whereas the expression was low in immature follicles. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that expression of Cmdr1-type P-gp was very low in embryonic gonads. Cmdr1 mRNA was undetectable in the gonads of 5-day embryos (E5) by RT-PCR, whereas Cmdr1 mRNA was significantly detectable in the developing gonads at E9 and E21. In the testicular tissues, germ cells were distributed along developing seminiferous cords as identified by a specific marker gene, whereas Cmdr1-type P-gp positive cells were observed evenly on testicular tissues. Collectively, it is concluded that Cmdr1 expression is initiated in the chicken ovary and testis after sexual differentiation, but expression of Cmdr1-type P-gp is very low through embryogenesis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology