Development of GM cryocooler separate type liquid-helium-free 3He-4He dilution refrigerator system

Y. Yamanaka, T. Ito, T. Umeno, Y. Suzuki, S. Yoshida, Y. Kamioka, K. Maehata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


We developed the new liquid-helium-free dilution refrigerator system, in which the Gifford-McMahon (GM) cycle cryocooler and dilution refrigerator (DR) unit are separated. We obtained the base temperature below 50 mK in this DR system. In usual liquid-helium-free DR systems, the DR unit directly couples with GM-cryocooler in the same vacuum chamber. Therefore the mechanical vibration of GM-cryocooler is hardly removed from DR unit. In order to eliminate the vibration problem, the separated vacuum chamber contacting the GM-cryocooler is connected with the DR unit chamber by the flexible hose with length of about 1 meter. Thin flexible tubes used for circulation of the refrigerant gas and radiation shield are installed in the connection hose. The 4He gas, cooled in the GM-cryocooler unit, transfers to the DR unit throw the thin flexible tubes. After cooling the DR unit, the gas returns to GM-cryocooler unit with cooling of the radiation shield. We expect that our separate-type dilution refrigerator becomes a useful piece of apparatus for the low temperature experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012055
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Publication statusPublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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