Densification and microstructure evolution of W-TiC-Y2O3 during spark plasma sintering

Yu Fen Zhou, Zhi Yuan Zhao, Xiao Yue Tan, Lai Ma Luo, Yue Xu, Xiang Zan, Qiu Xu, Kazutoshi Tokunaga, Xiao Yong Zhu, Yu Cheng Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Spark plasma sintering (SPS) is one of the methods used to achieve the low-temperature densification of refractory metal materials. In this study, powder prepared through a wet chemical method was consolidated via SPS at 1100 °C, 1200 °C, 1350 °C, 1600 °C, and 1800 °C to obtain a high-performance W-TiC-Y2O3 composite material. Densification was studied by analyzing the densification curve and changes in the microstructure of the samples. This process could be divided into three stages: the bonding stage, the sintering neck growth stage, and the shrinkage and spherification stage of closed pores. Surface diffusion and grain boundary diffusion played different roles in densification. The density, grain size, and Vickers hardness of the tungsten material increased significantly as temperature increased. This study evaluated the sintering process and provided a basis for obtaining high-performance tungsten materials through SPS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-101
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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