Delivery of Gas onto the Circumplanetary Disk of Giant Planets: Planetary-mass Dependence of the Source Region of Accreting Gas and Mass Accretion Rate

Natsuho Maeda, Keiji Ohtsuki, Takayuki Tanigawa, Masahiro N. Machida, Ryo Suetsugu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gas accretion onto the circumplanetary disks and the source region of accreting gas are important to reveal dust accretion that leads to satellite formation around giant planets. We performed local three-dimensional high-resolution hydrodynamic simulations of an isothermal and inviscid gas flow around a planet to investigate the planetary-mass dependence of the gas accretion bandwidth and gas accretion rate onto circumplanetary disks. We examined cases with various planetary masses corresponding to M p = 0.05-1M Jup at 5.2 au, where M Jup is the current Jovian mass. We found that the radial width of the gas accretion band is proportional to M p 1 / 6 for the low-mass regime with M p ≲ 0.2M Jup while it is proportional to M p for the high-mass regime with M p ≳ 0.2M Jup. We found that the ratio of the mass accretion rate onto the circumplanetary disk to that into the Hill sphere is about 0.4 regardless of the planetary mass for the cases we examined. Combining our results with the gap model obtained from global hydrodynamic simulations, we derive a semi-analytical formula of mass accretion rate onto circumplanetary disks. We found that the mass dependence of our three-dimensional accretion rates is the same as the previously obtained two-dimensional case, although the qualitative behavior of accretion flow onto the circumplanetary disk is quite different between the two cases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number56
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume935
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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