Degradation of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) operated continuously at a constant current density is investigated using photoluminescence techniques. The OLEDs contained the thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitting dopant (4s,6s)-2,4,5,6-tetra(9H-carbazol-9-yl)isophthalonitrile (4CzIPN). OLED degradation proceeds mainly on the basis of excited-state instability of host molecules rather than processes related to 4CzIPN. Additionally, the electrochemical instability of radical cations and anions influences long-term OLED degradation. The formation of exciton quenchers and nonradiative carrier recombination centers acts to reduce OLED luminance. These findings highlight the need for new host material development to fabricate more stable TADF-OLEDs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- General Energy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films