DNA methylation controls several inflammatory genes affecting bone homeostasis. Hith-erto, inhibition of DNA methylation in vivo in the context of periodontitis and osteoclastogenesis has not been attempted. Ligature-induced periodontitis in C57BL/6J mice was induced by placing ligature for five days with Decitabine (5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine) (1 mg/kg/day) or vehicle treatment. We evaluated bone resorption, osteoclast differentiation by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and mRNA expression of anti-inflammatory molecules using cluster differentiation 14 positive (CD14+ ) monocytes from human peripheral blood. Our data showed that decitabine inhibited bone loss and osteoclast differentiation experimental periodontitis, and suppressed osteoclast CD14+ human monocytes; and conversely, that it increased bone mineralization in osteoblastic cell line MC3T3-E1 in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition to increasing IL10 (interleukin-10), TGFB (transforming growth factor beta-1) in CD14+ monocytes, decitabine upregulated KLF2 (Krüppel-like factor-2) expression. Overexpression of KLF2 protein enhanced the transcription of IL10 and TGFB. On the contrary, site-directed mutagenesis of KLF2 binding site in IL10 and TFGB abrogated luciferase activity in HEK293T cells. Decitabine reduces bone loss in a mouse model of periodontitis by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis through the upregulation of anti-inflammatory cytokines via KLF2 dependent mechanisms. DNA methyltransferase inhibitors merit further investigation as a possible novel therapy for periodontitis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology